akka学习教程(二)HelloWord

akka系列文章目录

本示例来自于官方示例(http://doc.akka.io/docs/akka/2.4.4/intro/getting-started.html):
文中找到 Using Akka with Maven 。点击“Akka Main in Java”下载示例。

http://www.lightbend.com/activator/template/akka-sample-main-java

注意:新版本的akka需要使用jdk8

里面有两个Actor:

package sample.hello;

import akka.actor.Props;
import akka.actor.UntypedActor;
import akka.actor.ActorRef;

public class HelloWorld extends UntypedActor {

  @Override
  public void preStart() {
    // create the greeter actor
    final ActorRef greeter = getContext().actorOf(Props.create(Greeter.class), "greeter");
    // tell it to perform the greeting
    greeter.tell(Greeter.Msg.GREET, getSelf());
  }

  @Override
  public void onReceive(Object msg) {
    if (msg == Greeter.Msg.DONE) {
      // when the greeter is done, stop this actor and with it the application
      getContext().stop(getSelf());
    } else
      unhandled(msg);
  }
}
package sample.hello;

import akka.actor.UntypedActor;

public class Greeter extends UntypedActor {

  public static enum Msg {
    GREET, DONE;
  }

  @Override
  public void onReceive(Object msg) throws InterruptedException {
    if (msg == Msg.GREET) {
      System.out.println("Hello World!");
      Thread.sleep(1000);
      getSender().tell(Msg.DONE, getSelf());
    } else
      unhandled(msg);
  }

}

main方法

package sample.hello;

public class Main {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    akka.Main.main(new String[] { HelloWorld.class.getName() });
  }
}

另一种main写法,通过创建actor的方式

 public static void main(String[] args) {
    ActorSystem system = ActorSystem.create("Hello");
    ActorRef a = system.actorOf(Props.create(HelloWorld.class), "helloWorld");
    System.out.println(a.path());
  }

helloWord示例比较简单,不过多解释

参考资料

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