解决httpclient的NoHttpResponseException异常

httpclient版本:4.5.2

在项目实际运行中,偶发异常:org.apache.http.NoHttpResponseException。

官网解释是:

In some circumstances, usually when under heavy load, the web server may be able to receive requests but unable to process them. A lack of sufficient resources like worker threads is a good example. This may cause the server to drop the connection to the client without giving any response. HttpClient throws NoHttpResponseException when it encounters such a condition. In most cases it is safe to retry a method that failed with NoHttpResponseException.

意思就是 当服务器端由于负载过大等情况发生时,可能会导致在收到请求后无法处理(比如没有足够的线程资源),会直接丢弃链接而不进行处理。此时客户端就回报错:NoHttpResponseException。
官方建议出现这种情况时,可以选择重试。但是重试一定要限制重试次数,避免雪崩。

修改方案:

CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.custom()
    .setDefaultRequestConfig(config)
    .setConnectionManager(getPoolManager())

    //不使用这种方式,不方便看日志,使用下面自定义的retry
//  .setRetryHandler(new DefaultHttpRequestRetryHandler(3,true))

    .setRetryHandler((exception, executionCount, context) -> {
        if (executionCount > 3) {
            log.warn("Maximum tries reached for client http pool ");
            return false;
        }

        if (exception instanceof NoHttpResponseException     //NoHttpResponseException 重试
                || exception instanceof ConnectTimeoutException //连接超时重试
//              || exception instanceof SocketTimeoutException    //响应超时不重试,避免造成业务数据不一致
                ) {
            log.warn("NoHttpResponseException on " + executionCount + " call");
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    })
    .build();

参考资料:

官方文档
httpclient4.4 出现NoHttpResponseException的异常解决
[get NoHttpResponseException for load testing

](https://stackoverflow.com/questions/10570672/get-nohttpresponseexception-for-load-testing/10680629#10680629)

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